E-ISSN 2636-8765 | ISSN 2146-9490
 

Original Research 


Leukocyte Telomere Length and Cognitive Function in Older Adults

Emily Frith, Paul D. Loprinzi.

Abstract
We evaluated the specific association between leukocyte telomere length and cognitive function among a national sample of the broader U.S. older adult population. Data from the 1999-2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were used to identify 1,722 adults, between 60-85 years, with complete data on selected study variables. DNA was extracted from whole blood via the LTL assay, which is administered using quantitative polymerase chain reaction to measure telomere length relative to standard reference DNA (T/S ratio). Average telomere length was recorded, with two to three assays performed to control for individual variability. The DSST (Digit Symbol Substitution Test) was used to assess participant executive cognitive functioning tasks of pairing and free recall. Individuals were excluded if they had been diagnosed with coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, heart attack or stroke at the baseline assessment. Leukocyte telomere length was associated with higher cognitive performance, independent of gender, race-ethnicity, physical activity status, body mass index and other covariates. In this sample, there was a strong association between LTL and cognition; for every 1 T/S ratio increase in LTL, there was a corresponding 9.9 unit increase in the DSST (β = 9.9; 95% CI: 5.6-14.2; P<0.001). However, this association was completely mediated by age, as after adding age into this model, LTL was no longer statistically significantly associated with DSST (β = 2.7; 95% CI: -1.4-6.8; P=0.18). There was a positive association between leukocyte telomere length and cognitive function, which was mediated age.

Key words: Epidemiology; health promotion; immune function; mental health; physical activity


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Frith E, Loprinzi PD. Leukocyte Telomere Length and Cognitive Function in Older Adults. JCBPR. 2018; 7(1): 14-18. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.273242


Web Style

Frith E, Loprinzi PD. Leukocyte Telomere Length and Cognitive Function in Older Adults. http://www.jcbpr.org/?mno=273242 [Access: July 22, 2018]. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.273242


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Frith E, Loprinzi PD. Leukocyte Telomere Length and Cognitive Function in Older Adults. JCBPR. 2018; 7(1): 14-18. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.273242



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Frith E, Loprinzi PD. Leukocyte Telomere Length and Cognitive Function in Older Adults. JCBPR. (2018), [cited July 22, 2018]; 7(1): 14-18. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.273242



Harvard Style

Frith, E. & Loprinzi, P. D. (2018) Leukocyte Telomere Length and Cognitive Function in Older Adults. JCBPR, 7 (1), 14-18. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.273242



Turabian Style

Frith, Emily, and Paul D. Loprinzi. 2018. Leukocyte Telomere Length and Cognitive Function in Older Adults. Journal of Cognitive-Behavioral Psychotherapy and Research, 7 (1), 14-18. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.273242



Chicago Style

Frith, Emily, and Paul D. Loprinzi. "Leukocyte Telomere Length and Cognitive Function in Older Adults." Journal of Cognitive-Behavioral Psychotherapy and Research 7 (2018), 14-18. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.273242



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Frith, Emily, and Paul D. Loprinzi. "Leukocyte Telomere Length and Cognitive Function in Older Adults." Journal of Cognitive-Behavioral Psychotherapy and Research 7.1 (2018), 14-18. Print. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.273242



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Frith, E. & Loprinzi, P. D. (2018) Leukocyte Telomere Length and Cognitive Function in Older Adults. Journal of Cognitive-Behavioral Psychotherapy and Research, 7 (1), 14-18. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.273242